- FDA Labeling Regulations The FDA labeling regulations are found in Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations (21CFR) parts 100-102
- Close up on Food Labels - Information for California Food Processors (CA Dept. of Health, Food and Drug Branch, 2013) (PDF 653 KB) This publication explains general food label requirements.
- Food and Nutrition Labeling Guide (FDA) The Food Labeling and Nutritional Labeling Guide is a summary of the FDA labeling regulations. This publication is written in easy-to-understand language and is highly recommended reading for anyone developing new food product labels.
- Nutrition Labeling (FDA) Nutritional labels are required on most food products. Small businesses can claim an exemption from Nutritional Labeling requirements. However, it is common to have a nutritional label prepared and available for customers upon request even if it doesn’t appear on the label. If you are not making nutritional claims, nutritional labels are typically generated from a database and the product formulation. Camera ready copies of nutritional labels can be purchased from companies that specialize in this type of service.
- Process Labeling of Food: Consumer Behavior, the Agricultural Sector, and Policy Recommendations (cast-science.org)
- Proposed Changes to Nutrition Facts Label (FDA) How to use and understand the Nutrition Facts Label. All components of the nutritional label are clearly explained.
- Label Format (FDA)
- Small Business Nutritional Labeling Exemption (FDA) Small businesses may be exempt from certain labeling requirements if they meet specific criteria.
- Food Allergens Guidance Documents (FDA) Processors should be aware of potential food allergens in their product. Failure to indicate an allergenic substance on the label could have life threatening consequences.
- The Dating Game: How Confusing Food Date Labels Lead to Food Waste in America (NRDC Report; 2013) (PDF 3.0 MB)
- Use-by dates for food (NSW Australia Food Authority) (PDF 275 KB)
- Fish: Species Substitution Pattern Matching Tool - rapid detection of finfish fraud (NOAA Fisheries)
Refrigerated Foods Labels
- Guidance for Industry: Refrigerated Carrot Juice and Other Refrigerated Low-Acid Juices (FDA) Refrigerated foods require additional labels that clearly indicate to consumers that the product must be stored under refrigerated conditions.
- UPC Codes UPC or bar codes are almost mandatory for selling food products in larger retail stores.